Do you recognize the signs of diabetes?
Diabetics can live for several years without noticing their hyperglycemia (excessive sugar level, that is to say greater than 126 milligrams per deciliter of blood).The complications of diabetes can be heavy: cardiac infarction, stroke, blindness, kidney failure …
Diabetes is therefore a serious disease to diagnose without waiting. But detecting it without taking a blood test is almost an investigator’s job …
Several types of diabetes and several types of signs and symptoms. There are several categories of diabetes and the most common are those of type 1 or 2. Their causes and their manifestations differ.
For type 1 diabetes, diagnosis is not a problem. The symptoms manifest themselves quickly. Patients urinate a lot, drink a lot, lose weight or even fall into a coma.
But the diagnosis is more difficult for type 2 diabetes, which accounts for nine out of ten diabetes and most often affects patients aged 40 or 50 years.
Because it evolves more slowly, during five to ten years, without showing itself. In the absence of symptoms and screening, naturally, no treatment is put in place.
How to identify the type 2 diabetes?
By simply taking a fasting blood glucose test. No eating for eight hours before the blood test, and you’re good to go.
Doctors often discover diabetes when patients come with chronic complications. Problems with the kidneys, disorders of the sensitivity to the legs, … These people have had diabetes for several years already, and their disorders could have been avoided if the disease had been well controlled.
Diabetes screening is therefore essential. But do we have to track everyone? Not quite. It is recommended to people over 45, or at any age in the presence of risk factors:
– Excess weight or obesity
– Sedentary lifestyle
– Family history of type 2 diabetes
– Gestational diabetes
Seeing a doctor without delay to assess the level of blood sugar is therefore obvious for people at risk.
Please remember doctors recommend screening every three years if the rate is normal, and every year if an individual approaches the diabetic threshold.